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Vaccine. 2003 Dec 12;22(2):268-79.

Immediate protection of swine from foot-and-mouth disease: a combination of adenoviruses expressing interferon alpha and a foot-and-mouth disease virus subunit vaccine.

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Plum Island Animal Disease Center, US Department of Agriculture (USDA), Agricultural Research Service (ARS), P.O. Box 848, North Atlantic Area (NAA), Greenport, NY 11944-0484, USA.


We have previously shown that swine inoculated with recombinant, replication-defective human adenovirus type 5 containing the porcine interferon alpha gene (Ad5-pIFNalpha) are completely protected when challenged 1 day later with virulent foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV). In the current study, we examined the duration of protection afforded swine by Ad5-pIFNalpha and the ability of a combination of Ad5-pIFNalpha and a FMDV subunit vaccine delivered by Ad5-A24 (an Ad5 vector containing the capsid coding region of FMDV serotype A24 Cruzeiro and the 3C proteinase coding region of FMDV serotype A12) to induce immediate as well as long-lasting protection against homologous FMDV challenge. Groups of swine were inoculated with Ad5-pIFNalpha and challenged with virulent FMDV A24 1, 3, 5, and 7 days postinoculation (dpi) or 1 day preinoculation. All animals challenged 1 and 3dpi were completely protected from disease. The animals in the remaining groups had either no clinical signs of disease or clinical signs were delayed and less severe compared to the control group. Swine inoculated with a combination of Ad5-pIFNalpha and Ad5-A24 and challenged 5dpi were all completely protected from disease and developed a significant FMDV-specific neutralizing antibody response.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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