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Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2003 Nov;124(5):515-20.

Clinical conditions for eruption of maxillary canines and mandibular premolars associated with dentigerous cysts.

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Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara 634-8522, Japan.


The aim of this study was to investigate the eruption of teeth associated with dentigerous cysts in the mandibular premolar and maxillary canine regions in preadolescents. Fifty-eight cyst-associated teeth, including 47 mandibular premolars and 11 maxillary canines, were examined retrospectively by using normalized panoramic radiographs and histological materials. The subjects were divided into 2 groups: the erupted group, in which the teeth had erupted successfully after marsupialization, and the nonerupted group, in which the teeth had undergone orthodontic traction or cystectomy with removal of the cyst-associated tooth. Eighty-one percent of the mandibular premolars and 36% of the maxillary canines in the cysts erupted successfully about 100 days after marsupialization without traction. The eruption of a mandibular premolar was significantly related to a shallow position in the alveolar bone, shallow angulation of the tooth, and young age of the patient but not to cyst size and dental space for the eruption. The eruption of the maxillary canine was significantly related to the small size of the cyst and the patient's age. The cyst walls of the erupted group showed severe inflammatory cellular infiltration. These findings present a treatment guideline for dentigerous cysts associated with mandibular premolars and maxillary canines in preadolescents.

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