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Mol Cancer. 2003 Nov 5;2:37.

p8 inhibits the growth of human pancreatic cancer cells and its expression is induced through pathways involved in growth inhibition and repressed by factors promoting cell growth.

Author information

1
Centre de Recherche INSERM, EMI 0116, 163 Avenue de Luminy, Case 915, Parc Scientifique et Technologique de Luminy, 13288 Marseille Cedex, France. malicet@marseille.inserm.fr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

p8 is a stress-induced protein with multiple functions and biochemically related to the architectural factor HMG-I/Y. We analyzed the expression and function of p8 in pancreatic cancer-derived cells.

METHODS:

Expression of p8 was silenced in the human pancreatic cancer cell lines Panc-1 and BxPc-3 by infection with a retrovirus expressing p8 RNA in the antisense orientation. Cell growth was measured in control and p8-silenced cells. Influence on p8 expression of the induction of intracellular pathways promoting cellular growth or growth arrest was monitored.

RESULTS:

p8-silenced cells grew more rapidly than control cells transfected with the empty retrovirus. Activation of the Ras-->Raf-->MEK-->ERK and JNK intracellular pathways down-regulated p8 expression. In addition, the MEK1/2 inhibitor U0126 and the JNK inhibitor SP600125 up-regulates expression of p8. Conversely, p38 or TGFbeta-1 induced p8 expression whereas the specific p38 inhibitor SB203580 down-regulated p8 expression. Finally, TGFbeta-1 induction was in part mediated through p38.

CONCLUSIONS:

p8 inhibits the growth of human pancreatic cancer cells. p8 expression is induced through pathways involved in growth inhibition and repressed by factors that promote cell growth. These results suggest that p8 belongs to a pathway regulating the growth of pancreatic cancer cells.

PMID:
14613582
PMCID:
PMC280693
DOI:
10.1186/1476-4598-2-37
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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