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Semin Oncol. 2003 Oct;30(5 Suppl 16):133-42.

Targeting Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL with nonpeptidic small-molecule antagonists.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine and Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.

Abstract

Members of the Bcl-2 family of proteins are crucial regulators of programmed cell death or apoptosis. This family of proteins now includes both anti-apoptotic molecules such as Bcl-2 and Bcl-X(L), and pro-apoptotic molecules such as Bax, Bak, Bid, and Bad. The majority of human cancers are found to have overexpression of Bcl-2, Bcl-X(L), or both. Bcl-2 and Bcl-X(L) may play a critical role in cancer progression. Cancers with high levels of Bcl-2 or Bcl-X(L) or both proteins are resistant to a wide spectrum of chemotherapeutic agents and radiation therapy. Bcl-2 and Bcl-X(L) have become attractive targets for designing new anticancer drugs. Small-molecule inhibitors that are capable of inhibiting the activity of Bcl-2 and Bcl-X(L) may have great therapeutic potential as an entirely new class of anticancer drugs for treating many forms of cancers in which Bcl-2 and/or Bcl-X(L) proteins are overexpressed and for which traditional therapies are ineffective. Design of small-molecule inhibitors of Bcl-2 and Bcl-X(L) is a very new and exciting area for current anticancer drug design and development. In this article we will provide a brief review on the strategy and recent progress in designing small-molecule antagonists targeting Bcl-2 and Bcl-X(L).

PMID:
14613034
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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