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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Nov 25;100(24):14499-503. Epub 2003 Nov 11.

Computational evidence for a rivalry hierarchy in vision.

Author information

1
Centre for Vision Research and Department of Biology, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M3J 1P3. hrwilson@yorku.ca

Abstract

Cortical-form vision comprises multiple, hierarchically arranged areas with feedforward and feedback interconnections. This complex architecture poses difficulties for attempts to link perceptual phenomena to activity at a particular level of the system. This difficulty has been especially salient in studies of binocular rivalry alternations, where there is seemingly conflicting evidence for a locus in primary visual cortex or alternatively in higher cortical areas devoted to object perception. Here, I use a competitive neural model to demonstrate that the data require at least two hierarchic rivalry stages for their explanation. This model demonstrates that competitive inhibition in the first rivalry stage can be eliminated by using suitable stimulus dynamics, thereby revealing properties of a later stage, a result obtained with both spike-rate and conductance-based model neurons. This result provides a synthesis of competing rivalry theories and suggests that neural competition may be a general characteristic throughout the form-vision hierarchy.

PMID:
14612564
PMCID:
PMC283620
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.2333622100
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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