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J Agric Food Chem. 2003 Nov 19;51(24):6934-40.

Simultaneous fluorometric determination of chlorophylls a and B and pheophytins a and B in olive oil by partial least-squares calibration.

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Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Extremadura, 06071 Badajoz, Spain.


The resolution of quaternary mixtures of chlorophylls a and b and pheophytins a and b has been accomplished by partial least-squares (PLS) multivariate calibration, applied to the fluorescence signals of these pigments. The total luminescence information of the compounds has been used to optimize the spectral data set to perform the calibration. After preliminary studies, a method is described in acetone media, to avoid emulsions with the olive oil samples. Different scanning paths have been selected for each method. For the simultaneous determination of the pigments in olive oil samples, a comparative study of the results found by using excitation, emission, and synchronous spectral data, as analytical signal, was performed. The excitation spectra were selected as the better analytical signals for the determination of the pigments in olive oil samples. The optimum wavelength range to record the excitation spectra (lambda(em) = 662 nm) was selected to minimize the contribution of pheophytin a and to maximize the contribution of the other pigments, which are the minor constituents in olive oil. Determination of these pigments in olive oil samples was effected from the excitation spectra of dissolutions o suitable aliquots in acetone. Recovery values from olive oil, spiked with chlorophylls a and b and pheophytins a and b, were in the ranges of 70-112, 71-111, 76-105, and 82-109%, respectively.

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