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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003 Nov;112(5):935-43.

Eotaxin-2 and IL-5 cooperate in the lung to regulate IL-13 production and airway eosinophilia and hyperreactivity.

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Division of Molecular Biosciences, The John Curtin School of Medical Research, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT.



Eotaxin-2 is a member of the eotaxin subfamily of CC chemokines that display eosinophil-specific, chemotactic properties and has been associated with allergic disorders. However, the contribution of eotaxin-2 to the development of defined pathogenic features of allergic disease remains to be defined.


We sought to determine whether eotaxin-2 was a cofactor with IL-5 for the regulation of pulmonary eosinophilia and to identify the combined role of these molecules in the induction of phenotypic characteristics of allergic lung disease.


We instilled recombinant eotaxin-2 into the airways of wild-type mice that had been treated systemically with IL-5 or into IL-5-transgenic mice and characterized pulmonary eosinophil numbers, IL-13 production, and airway hyperreactivity (AHR) to methacholine. Mice deficient in the IL-4 receptor alpha-chain, IL-13, and signal transducers and activators of transcription 6 or mice treated with anti-CCR3 monoclonal antibody were also used.


Eotaxin-2 and IL-5 cooperatively promoted eosinophil accumulation, IL-13 production, and AHR to methacholine. Neither eotaxin-2 nor IL-5 alone induced these features of allergic disease. IL-13 production was critically dependent on eotaxin-2- and IL-5-regulated eosinophilia, which predisposed to the development of AHR. AHR was dependent on IL-13 and signaling through the IL-4R alpha-chain and signal transducers and activators of transcription 6 pathways and the presence of eosinophils in the lung.


These investigations demonstrate important cooperativity between eotaxin-2, IL-5, and IL-13 signaling systems and eosinophils for the development of hallmark features of allergic disease of the lung.

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