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J Urol. 2003 Dec;170(6 Pt 2):S6-9; discussion S10.

Comparison of Cox regression with other methods for determining prediction models and nomograms.

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Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Memorial-Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021, USA.



There is controversy as to whether artificial neural networks and other machine learning methods provide predictions that are more accurate than those provided by traditional statistical models when applied to censored data.


Several machine learning prediction methods are compared with Cox proportional hazards regression using 3 large urological datasets. As a measure of predictive ability, discrimination that is similar to an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve is computed for each.


In all 3 datasets Cox regression provided comparable or superior predictions compared with neural networks and other machine learning techniques. In general, this finding is consistent with the literature.


Although theoretically attractive, artificial neural networks and other machine learning techniques do not often provide an improvement in predictive accuracy over Cox regression.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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