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Kidney Blood Press Res. 2003;26(5-6):333-7.

Effects of the genetic polymorphisms of the renin-angiotensin system on focal segmental glomerulosclerosis.

Author information

1
Department of Nephrology and Rheumatology, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

We analyzed the influence of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I/D, angiotensinogen (AGT) M235T and angiotensin-II-type-1 receptor (AT1R) A1166C genetic polymorphisms on the clinical course of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS).

METHODS:

This study consisted of 71 patients with nephrotic syndrome due to biopsy proven FSGS and 100 healthy controls. According to the slope of the reciprocal serum creatinine (1/Cr, >or= or <-0.1 dl x mg(-1) x year(-1)) patients were classified into group A (slow progressors, n = 50) and group B (fast progressors, n = 21). Genotyping was performed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR).

RESULTS:

There were no relevant differences in the allele frequencies of the investigated polymorphisms between patients with FSGS and controls. Patients carrying the T- allele of the AGT polymorphism required a larger number of antihypertensive agents (MM: 1.35 +/- 1.0 vs. MT/TT: 2.0 +/- 1.2, p < 0.05). The ACE-ID/DD genotypes were more frequently found in patients with fast progression (group A: II: 38.0%, ID/DD: 62.0% vs. group B: II: 14.3%, ID/DD: 85.7%, p < 0.05). The AT1R-A1166C polymorphism was not associated with any of the parameters studied.

CONCLUSION:

The course of FSGS is in part genetically determined by polymorphisms of the renin-angiotensin-system. The ACE-I/D polymorphism was shown to be a risk factor of progression of renal disease and the AGT-M235T polymorphism was associated with the severity of arterial hypertension.

PMID:
14610337
DOI:
10.1159/000073939
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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