Send to

Choose Destination
Immunol Res. 2003;28(2):141-50.

Treatment of Type 1 diabetes with anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody: induction of immune regulation?

Author information

Department of Medicine, the Naomi Berrie Diabetes Center, and the Division of Endocrinology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.


Anti-CD3 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were developed as a way of inducing immune suppression of T cells. More recent studies have indicated that anti-CD3 MAbs can affect immune responses by inducing immune regulation. We recently reported that a single course of treatment with a non-FcR binding anti-CD3 MAb, hOKT3gamma1(Ala-Ala), can lead to preservation of insulin production in patients with new-onset Type 1 diabetes for even beyond 1 yr after treatment. The sustained insulin production was accompanied by improvement in glucose control and reduced use of insulin. Our studies of the mechanism of the non-FcR binding anti-CD3 MAb indicate that the MAb delivers an activation signal to T cells resulting in disproportionate production of interleukin-10 (IL-10) relative to interferon-gamma(IFN-gamma) in vitro compared with FcR binding anti-CD3 MAb, and detectable levels of IL-10, IL-5, but rarely IFN-gamma or IL-2 in the serum after treatment. In addition, the drug induces a population of CD4+IL-10+ CCR4+ cells in vivo. Preclinical data suggest that anti-CD3 MAb induces a population of regulatory T cells that can prevent or lead to reversal of Type 1 diabetes. The induction of cells with a regulatory phenotype may account for the ability of anti-CD3 MAb to induce immune regulation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center