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Novartis Found Symp. 2003;252:67-88; discussion 88-91, 106-14.

CD4+CD25+ regulatory cells from human peripheral blood express very high levels of CD25 ex vivo.

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Laboratory of Molecular Immunology, Center for Neurologic Diseases, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


Selective isolation of only those CD4+ T cells that display the highest levels of CD25 by FACS results in a highly homogeneous regulatory population as defined by functional activity and the expression of multiple surface antigens. Thus greater than 98% of CD4+CD25high cells express CD45RO in the absence of CD45RA expression. Upon TCR stimulation CD4+CD25high cells are both anergic and tolerogenic as they inhibit proliferation and cytokine secretion by activated CD4+CD25- responder T cells in a contact-dependent manner. In contrast, CD4+ cells that express lower levels of CD25 are more heterogeneous in their levels of expression of CD45RO, HLA-DR and CD122, and do not exhibit anergic or suppressive characteristics. Providing either CD28 co-stimulation or IL2 to a maximal anti-CD3 stimulus results in a modest induction of proliferation and the loss of observable suppression by CD4+CD25high regulatory cells. Unlike CTLA4 blockade, blocking the interaction of PD-1 with its ligand PD-L1 affects the level of suppression. However, since this reduction in suppression by alphaPD-L1 can be overcome by increasing the number of CD4+CD25high T cells in the co-culture assay, the mechanism of CD4-CD25high regulation can proceed in the absence of PD-1/PD-L1 interactions, although it is not as efficient.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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