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Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2003 Nov;10(6):1025-8.

Relation between seroreactivity to low-molecular-weight Helicobacter pylori-specific antigens and disease presentation.

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Gastroenterology Unit, Department of Medicine, Thammasat University Hospital, Pathumthani, Bangkok, Thailand.


The identification of Helicobacter pylori-strain specific factors that correlate with clinical outcome has remained elusive. We investigated possible relationships between a group of H. pylori antigens and clinical outcome and compared an immunoblot assay kit (HelicoBlot, version 2.1 [HB 2.1]; Genelabs Diagnostics) with an established serological test, the high-molecular-weight cell-associated protein test (HM-CAP). We used sera from 156 Thai patients with different disease presentations, including 43 patients with gastric cancer, 64 patients with gastric ulcer, and 49 patients with nonulcer dyspepsia (NUD). HB 2.1 was compared to HM-CAP as a diagnostic test for H. pylori infection. The seroprevalence of H. pylori was significantly higher among gastric cancer patients than among patients with NUD (93 and 67%, respectively; P < 0.01). Among the H. pylori-seropositive patients, the presence of the antibody to the 37,000-molecular-weight antigen (37K antigen) was inversely related to the presence of gastric cancer (e.g., for gastric cancer patients compared with NUD patients, odds ratio [OR] = 0.28 and 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.1 to 0.8). The presence of antibody to the 35K antigen was higher in gastric ulcer patients than in NUD patients (OR = 11.5; 95% CI = 2.4 to 54.3). The disease associations of antibodies to the 35K and 37K antigens are consistent with the possibility that these antigens are either indirect markers for H. pylori-related diseases or have specific active or protective roles in H. pylori-related diseases.

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