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Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int. 2002 Nov;1(4):608-10.

Duodenoscopy in treatment of acute gallstone pancreatitis.

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Department of Surgery, Central Hospital of Zhabei District, Shanghai 200070, China.



To probe the potential use of duodenoscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of acute gallstone pancreatitis (GP).


Fourty-five patients with acute GP were randomly divided into endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) group (n=20) and non-ERCP group (n=25). Each group was subdivided into mild and severe groups according to APACHE II scores. They were given supportive treatment combined with traditional Chinese medicine. The patients in the ERCP group received ERCP within 24 hours after admission. If there were stones in the common bile duct with stenosis of the inferior extremity or ampulla, endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) was performed to extract the stones by basket. If no calculi were identified or multiple stones were large, endoscopic naso-biliary drainage (ENBD) was carried out.


The incidence of complication, length of hospitalization and cost were markedly lower in patients with severe acute GP in the ERCP group than those in the non-ERCP group (P<0.05), in contrast to the 2 mild subgroups of the ERCP and non-ERCP groups (P>0.05).


It is feasible, effective and safe to apply duodenoscopy in the treatment of severe acute GP.

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