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Cancer Lett. 2003 Nov 25;201(2):185-93.

GST genetic polymorphisms and lung adenocarcinoma susceptibility in a Chinese population.

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Department of Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 1 Kawasumi, Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya 467-8601, Japan.


Lung adenocarcinoma (AC) has been increasing over the last several decades in many countries, including China. Some of the glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) demonstrate polymorphisms which may play a role in lung AC susceptibility. Our previous study of a Chinese population found the GSTM1 null genotype to be associated with an increased risk of lung AC, and the combination of GSTM1 null genotype and CYP2E1 wild type conferred a significantly elevated risk. Here, we extended the study to investigate the potential role of GSTT1 and GSTP1 polymorphisms in likelihood of development of lung AC, either separately or in combination. This case-control study encompassed 112 cases with lung ACs and 119 age- and gender-matched cancer-free controls from Beijing. The frequencies for the GSTM1 null genotype were 61.6 and 50.4% among cases and controls, and for the GSTT1 null genotype 47.3 and 45.4%, respectively. The distribution of the GSTP1 Ile/Ile, Ile/Val and Val/Val genotypes was 59.8, 39.3 and 0.9% in cases, and 70.6, 28.6 and 0.8% in controls, respectively. No relationship between lung AC and the GSTT1 genotype was observed in the present study, either separately or in combination with the GSTM1 or GSTP1 genotypes. Although separate GSTM1 and GSTP1 polymorphisms were not statistically related to lung AC, the combination of GSTM1 null and GSTP1 Val was significantly associated with an elevated lung AC risk (OR=2.4, 95% CI 1.1-5.1).

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