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Cell Signal. 2004 Jan;16(1):127-36.

Nerve growth factor signaling involves interaction between the Trk A receptor and lysophosphatidate receptor 1 systems: nuclear translocation of the lysophosphatidate receptor 1 and Trk A receptors in pheochromocytoma 12 cells.

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  • 1Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Strathclyde Institute for Biomedical Sciences, University of Strathclyde, 27 Taylor St., Glasgow G4 ONR, UK.


We report here that the nerve growth factor (NGF) and lysophosphatidate (LPA) receptor signaling systems interact to regulate the p42/p44 MAPK pathway in PC12 cells. This is based upon several lines of evidence. First, the treatment of PC12 cells, which express LPA(1) receptors, with a sub-maximal concentration of LPA and NGF induced synergistic activation of p42/p44 MAPK. Second, the transfection of PC12 cells with LPA(1) receptor anti-sense construct, which reduced the expression of LPA(1), abrogated both LPA- and NGF-stimulated activation of p42/p44 MAPK. Third, the over-expression of recombinant LPA(1) receptor potentiated LPA- and NGF-dependent activation of p42/p44 MAPK. Fourth, the over-expression of C-terminal GRK2 peptide (which sequesters G-protein betagamma subunits) or beta-arrestin I clathrin binding domain (amino acids: 319-418) or pre-treatment of cells with pertussis toxin reduced the LPA- and NGF-dependent stimulation of p42/p44 MAPK. These findings support a model in which the Trk A receptor uses a G-protein-mediated mechanism to regulate the p42/p44 MAPK pathway. Such G-protein-mediated signaling is activated by the LPA(1) receptor as a means of cross-talk regulation with the Trk A receptor. Fifth, the treatment of cells with LPA induced the transactivation of the Trk A receptor. Sixth, LPA and/or NGF stimulated the translocation of tyrosine phosphorylated Trk A receptor and LPA(1) receptor to the nucleus. Taken together, these findings suggest that NGF and LPA exert cross-talk regulation both at the level of p42/p44 MAPK signaling and in the nuclear translocation of LPA(1) and Trk A receptors.

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