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J Med Entomol. 1992 Nov;29(6):990-4.

African swine fever virus infection in the soft tick, Ornithodoros (Alectorobius) puertoricensis (Acari: Argasidae).

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1
Plum Island Animal Disease Center, USDA-ARS-NAA, Greenport, NY 11944-0848.

Abstract

In total, 1,186 second instar Ornithodoros (Alectorobius) puertoricensis Fox second instars were fed on a pig when it had a viremia of 10(5.2) hemadsorption units (HAd50/ml) and 420 second-instar O. puertoricensis were fed on an uninfected pig. Subsequent blood meals for ticks in both groups were from uninfected pigs. The effects of African swine fever virus (ASFV) infection on O. puertoricensis populations were evaluated for the following parameters: mortality; mean time to death; percentage molted per instar; percentage molted to male, female, or subsequent instar; effects on duration of premolt period; and the number of blood meals per instar. The cumulative virus-induced mortality rate for all immature stages (second to fifth instar) of O. puertoricensis that had been fed as second instars on a pig infected with ASFV was 43.2%. In contrast, 23.1% mortality was observed among ticks fed on uninfected pigs. The mortality rate among third instars that fed on the viremic pig was 55.3% versus 4.8% among nymphs fed on normal pigs. One-third to more than one-half of all third, fourth, and fifth instars required at least two blood meals to molt. Mean premolt periods for second, third, fourth, fifth, and sixth instars fed on uninfected pigs were approximately 12, 15, 32, 22, and 14 d, respectively. Mean weights for unfed second to fifth instars, males, and females were: 0.6, 1.0, 1.5, 1.7, 1.5, and 3.1 mg per tick, respectively.

PMID:
1460641
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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