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J Med Entomol. 1992 Nov;29(6):1011-22.

Distribution of the Lyme disease vector, Ixodes dammini (Acari: Ixodidae) and isolation of Borrelia burgdorferi in Ontario, Canada.

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Department of Pathology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Canada.


Ixodes dammini Spielman, Clifford, Piesman & Corwin was confirmed at Long Point, Lake Erie, Ontario, on small mammals and white-tailed deer and by dragging for ticks. Mean intensities of up to 16.2 larvae and 2.1 nymphs were found on Peromyscus leucopus (Rafinesque), with an overall prevalence of infestation up to 92%. Adult I. dammini (101.6 +/- 77.63) (mean +/- SD) were found on 8 white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus (Zimmerman). The seasonal pattern of recovery of ticks from hosts and the environment resembled that described elsewhere. I. dammini was not found on 952 small mammals trapped at 25 other localities throughout Ontario, although other ticks (Derma-centor variabilis (Packard), Ixodes angustus Neumann, I. marxi Banks, I. muris Bishopp & Smith) were encountered sporadically. I. dammini is not widespread or common in Ontario other than at Long Point. Borrelia burgdorferi was isolated from 10 of 151 P. leucopus; from larval and nymphal I. dammini; and from nymphal and adult D. variabilis, all from Long Point. B. burgdorferi was not recovered from 116 small mammals from localities other than Long Point. Seropositive P. leucopus (indirect fluorescent antibody test titer > or = 1:20) were common (up to 30% prevalence in July 1988, n = 23) on Long Point. Where I. dammini was not found, the prevalence of seroreactors among Peromyscus was 0 (15 sites), < 12% (5 sites), and 29% (1 site); seroprevalence at 1:20 could not be calculated for a further 4 sites examined in 1987. Antibody to B. burgdorferi was also detected in other small mammals at some sites. Such antibody was interpreted as possibly cross-reacting or caused by direct transmission.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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