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Mol Endocrinol. 2004 Feb;18(2):402-11. Epub 2003 Nov 6.

Identification of estrogen-responsive genes by complementary deoxyribonucleic acid microarray and characterization of a novel early estrogen-induced gene: EEIG1.

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Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto, 200 College Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E5, Canada.


Estrogen receptors (ERs) are nuclear transcription factors that regulate gene expression in response to estrogen and estrogen-like compounds. Identification of estrogen-regulated genes in target cells is an essential step toward understanding the molecular mechanisms of estrogen action. Using cDNA microarray examinations, 19 genes were identified as induced by 17 beta-estradiol in MCF-7 cells, 10 of which have been reported previously to be estrogen responsive or to be linked with ER status. Five known estrogen-regulated genes, E2IG4, IGFBP4, SLC2A1, XBP1 and B4GALT1, and AFG3L1, responded quickly to estrogen treatment. A novel estrogen-responsive gene was identified and named EEIG1for early estrogen-induced gene 1. EEIG1 was clearly induced by 17 beta-estradiol within 2 h of treatment, and was widely responsive to a group of estrogenic compounds including natural and synthetic estrogens and estrogenic environmental compounds. EEIG1 was expressed in ER-positive but not in ER-negative breast cancer cell lines. EEIG1 expression was repressed by antiestrogens 4-OH-tamoxifen and ICI 182,780 but not by protein synthesis inhibitors cycloheximide and puromycin. These results provide evidence that some estrogenic compounds differentially enhance the transcription of estrogen-regulated genes and suggest a role for EEIG1 in estrogen action.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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