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Fukushima J Med Sci. 2003 Jun;49(1):1-13.

Adhesion molecules and CXC chemokines in endotoxin-induced liver injury.

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Department of Internal Medicine II, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan.


Interactions between leukocytes and sinusoidal endothelial cells are known to be involved in the pathogenesis of acute liver injury. Various adhesion molecules and chemokines play key roles in these cell-to-cell interactions, and the expression of these adhesion molecules and the production of chemokines are regulated by inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 (IL-1), and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). We have shown that the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) on cultured rat sinusoidal endothelial cells stimulated with TNF-alpha increases in a dose-dependent manner. The number of neutrophils that adhered to sinusoidal endothelial cells pretreated with TNF-alpha also increased in a dose-dependent manner and significantly decreased upon incubation with an anti-ICAM-1 antibody. In endotoxin-induced rat liver injury, the number of neutrophils infiltrating the sinusoids increased after serum TNF-alpha, macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) and cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant (CINC) reached their peak levels. In addition, the level of ICAM-1 expression on sinusoidal endothelial cells greatly increased from 8 h after exposure to endotoxin, and these cells were adhered to neutrophils that expressed both LFA-1 and Mac-1. Moreover, lipo-prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) reduced the extent of liver injury, and also reduced the number of neutrophils that infiltrated the liver, was reduced the production of MIP-2 and CINC, but not that of TNF-alpha, in rats injected with endotoxin.

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