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Oncol Nurs Forum. 2003 Nov-Dec;30(6):967-75.

Focus groups in the design of prostate cancer screening information for Hispanic farmworkers and African American men.

Author information

1
Department of Interdisciplinary Oncology, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA. cdmeade@moffitt.usf.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES:

To gain a better understanding of men's everyday concerns as part of formative research for creating relevant prostate cancer screening education; to describe methods and processes used to conduct community-based focus groups.

SETTING:

Community-based settings in catchment areas surrounding Tampa, FL.

SAMPLE:

8 community-based focus groups: a total of 71 Hispanic farmworkers and African American men.

METHODS:

Focus group discussions were tape-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed for identification of emergent themes.

MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES:

General life and health priorities, prostate cancer knowledge, screening attitudes, cancer beliefs, and learning preferences.

FINDINGS:

Major themes among African American men were importance of work, family, and faith. Major themes among Hispanic farmworkers were importance of family, employment, education of children, and faith. A common issue that surfaced among most men was that a cancer diagnosis was considered to be a death sentence. Preferred learning methods included use of cancer survivors as spokespeople, interactive group education, and the provision of easy-to-understand information. Issues of trust, respect, and community involvement were key to the successful conduct of focus groups among ethnically diverse groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

Study findings have important implications for the content of information developed for prostate cancer education materials and media.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING:

Insights gained from focus group methodology can help nurses and other healthcare professionals design and develop appropriate prostate cancer education tools for use in community-based prostate cancer screening programs.

PMID:
14603354
DOI:
10.1188/03.ONF.967-975
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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