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Oncogene. 2003 Nov 6;22(50):8168-77.

DNA-damaging reagents induce apoptosis through reactive oxygen species-dependent Fas aggregation.

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Institute of Molecular Biology, Academia Sinica, Taiwan.


DNA-damaging reagents may kill tumor cells through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Cytotoxic reagents may also induce apoptosis of cancer cells in Fas-FADD-dependent manners. In this study, we explored the possible link between these two apparently distinct pathways in T leukemia cell Jurkat. Our results demonstrated that gamma-irradiation, similar to cisplatin, induced apoptosis by triggering Fas aggregation and activating FADD-caspase-8 apoptotic cascade. The absence of caspase-8 or Fas greatly reduced the sensitivity to apoptosis mediated by DNA-damaging agents. In addition, apoptosis induced by cisplatin and gamma-irradiation, but not by Fas, was inhibited by ROS scavengers, including N-acetyl cysteine, MnTBAP, and C60. Importantly, these ROS scavengers effectively prevented the clustering of Fas receptor induced by cisplatin and gamma-irradiation. Our results suggest that cisplatin and gamma-irradiation promote ROS production, which in turn contributes to Fas receptor aggregation and cell death. The novel coupling between ROS and Fas clustering likely plays a significant role in apoptosis triggered by DNA-damaging reagents in Fas-expressing leukemia cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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