Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2004 Jan 30;279(5):3605-11. Epub 2003 Nov 5.

Poly-ubiquitin binding by the polyglutamine disease protein ataxin-3 links its normal function to protein surveillance pathways.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242-1101, USA.

Abstract

In at least nine inherited diseases polyglutamine expansions cause neurodegeneration associated with protein misfolding and the formation of ubiquitin-conjugated aggregates. Although expanded polyglutamine triggers disease, functional properties of host polyglutamine proteins also must influence pathogenesis. Using complementary in vitro and cell-based approaches we establish that the polyglutamine disease protein, ataxin-3, is a poly-ubiquitin-binding protein. In stably transfected neural cell lines, normal and expanded ataxin-3 both co-precipitate with poly-ubiquitinated proteins that accumulate when the proteasome is inhibited. In vitro pull-down assays show that this reflects direct interactions between ataxin-3 and higher order ubiquitin conjugates; ataxin-3 binds K48-linked tetraubiquitin but not di-ubiquitin or mono-ubiquitin. Further studies with domain-deleted and site-directed mutants map tetra-ubiquitin binding to ubiquitin interaction motifs situated near the polyglutamine domain. In surface plasmon resonance binding analyses, normal and expanded ataxin-3 display similar submicromolar dissociation constants for tetra-ubiquitin. Binding kinetics, however, are markedly influenced by the surrounding protein context; ataxin-3 that lacks the highly conserved, amino-terminal josephin domain shows significantly faster association and dissociation rates for tetra-ubiquitin binding. Our results establish ataxin-3 as a poly-ubiquitin-binding protein, thereby linking its normal function to protein surveillance pathways already implicated in polyglutamine pathogenesis.

PMID:
14602712
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M310939200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center