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J Chromatogr A. 2003 Oct 17;1016(1):123-8.

Determination of hydroxyl radical by capillary zone electrophoresis with amperometric detection.

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Department of Chemistry, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China.


Hydroxyl radical (OH*) can cause severe damage to cells and tissues. However, its analysis is very difficult for its high reactivity and very short half-life. In this paper, a simple and highly sensitive method, capillary zone electrophoresis with amperometric detection (CZE-AD) was introduced indirectly to determine OH* by determining its reaction products with salicylic acid (SAL), 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,3-DHBA) and 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,5-DHBA). The optimum conditions of CZE-AD for the determination of 2,3-DHBA and 2,5-DHBA were explored. Under the optimum conditions, SAL, 2,3-DHBA and 2,5-DHBA could be perfectly separated within 15 min, and the linearity ranges of 2,3-DHBA and 2,5-DHBA were between 1.0 x 10(-7) and 1.0 x 10(-4) mol l(-1). Their detection limits were as low as 2 x 10(-8) mol l(-1), which were much lower than that in CE-UV method. The method was also applied to study the free OH* scavenging activity of angelica polysaccharide. The experimental results showed that this CZE-AD method was very sensitive and practical in both the determination of free OH* and the evaluation of free OH* scavenging activities of antioxidants.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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