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Poult Sci. 2003 Oct;82(10):1565-72.

Immune response to a mucosally administered aflatoxin B1 vaccine.

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Department of Animal Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA.


In the present study, a mucosal vaccine was used in an effort to elicit serum IgG and intestinal secretory IgA against the mycotoxin aflatoxin B1 (AFB) in chickens. AFB was coupled to carrier proteins (BSA and porcine thyroglobulin) for use as a vaccine and ELISA coating antigen, respectively. Seven-day-old broiler chicks were divided into groups of 10 and immunized with one of four vaccine preparations: 1) AFB-BSA conjugate alone, 2) AFB-BSA linked to the B subunit of the recombinant heat-labile enterotoxin of Escherichia coli (rLT-B), 3) AFB-BSA admixed with rLT-B, or 4) AFB-BSA mixed with cholera toxin (CT). Each vaccine preparation was administered perorally, intrarectally, or intraperitoneally, with a booster immunization given 2 wk later. Sera and feces were collected weekly and assayed using isotype specific ELISA. All three routes of immunization elicited significant serum IgG responses; however, the intraperitoneal route was strongest for all vaccine preparations tested. The serum IgG immune response to the AFB-BSA conjugate was enhanced by co-administration of rLT-B but not by covalent coupling to rLT-B or coadministration with CT. Secretory IgA anti-CT and anti-rLT-B antibodies were detected in fecal supernatants, but no anti-AFB responses could be detected. As all 12 treatment groups produced significant levels of serum IgG anti-AFB, any of these approaches, including oral administration without adjuvant, may afford the chicken some level of protection through simple immuno-interception of free AFB.

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