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Neuroreport. 2003 Nov 14;14(16):2095-8.

Impaired long-term potentiation in vivo in the dentate gyrus of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) or PACAP type 1 receptor-mutant mice.

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1
Division of Molecular Pharmacology and Pharmacogenomics, Department of Genome Sciences, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0017, Japan. shogo@med.kobe-u.ac.jp

Abstract

The present study was conducted to clarify a role of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) and PACAP type 1 receptor (PAC1R) in learning and memory function. We demonstrated long-term potentiation (LTP) in vivo in the dentate gyrus of PAC1R exon 2-deficient (PAC1R-/-) mice and heterozygous PACAP-deficient (PACAP+/-) mice using extracellular recording techniques. We used two paradigms of tetanic stimulation, suprathreshold and at threshold tetanus, which both induced LTP in vivo in PAC1R-/- and PACAP+/- mice. However, the population spike of 'at threshold' but not 'suprathreshold' LTP decreased significantly in PAC1R-/- and PACAP+/- mice. At threshold LTP of PACAP+/- mice was impaired greater than the one of PAC1R-/- mice. Thus, both PACAP and PAC1R could contribute to the establishment of LTP in a gene dosage-dependent manner, although PACAP rather than PAC1R might play a pivotal role in learning and memory function.

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