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Org Biomol Chem. 2003 Oct 21;1(20):3535-40.

MM-PBSA free energy analysis of endo-1,4-xylanase II (XynII)-substrate complexes: binding of the reactive sugar in a skew boat and chair conformation.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of Kuopio, PO Box 1627, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland.


The binding of xylotetraose in different conformations to the active site of endo-1,4-beta-xylanase II (XynII) from Trichoderma reesei was studied using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and free energy analyses employing the MM-PBSA (Molecular Mechanics-Poisson-Boltzmann Surface Area) method. MD simulations of 1 ns were done for the substrate xylotetraose having the reactive sugar, which is bound in the -1 subsite of XynII in the 4C1 (chair) and 2So (skew boat) ground state conformations, and for the transition state of the XynII catalysed hydrolysis of the beta-glycosidic linkage. According to the simulations and free energy analysis, XynII binds the substrate with the -1 sugar in the 2So conformation 59.8 kJ mol(-1) tighter than the substrate with the sugar in the 4C1 conformation. The reactive 2So conformation resembles closely the reaction transition state and has the breaking glycosidic bond in a pseudo-axial orientation ready for facile bond cleavage. The transition state was calculated to be bound 77.1 kJ mol(-1) tighter than the 4C1 ground state conformation. The molecular mechanical interaction energy between the enzyme and the reactive pyranoside unit at the -1 subsite was 75.7 kJ mol(-1) more favorable for the binding of the 2So conformation than the 2C1 conformation, explaining the clearly tighter binding of the reactive structure The results of this study indicate that in the Michaelis complex XynII, a member of the family 11 xylanase, the substrate is bound in a skew boat conformation and in the catalytic reaction, the -1 sugar proceeds from the 4C1 conformation through 2So to the transition state with the -1 sugar in the 2,5B conformation.

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