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J Postgrad Med. 2003 Jul-Sep;49(3):229-35.

Antioxidant micronutrients in the prevention of age-related diseases.

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Institut fur Biochemie und Molekularbiologie I, Heinrich-Heine-Universitat Dusseldorf, Universitatsstr. 1, Geb. 22.03, D-40225 Dusseldorf, Germany.


The role and functions of antioxidant micronutrients such as ascorbate (vitamin C), a-tocopherol (vitamin E) and carotenoids that are provided through the diet in aging and in the prevention of age-related diseases are discussed in the present work. In general, a healthy lifestyle involving regular exercise and avoidance of tobacco or alcohol abuse are the key to the prevention of several age-related diseases including cardiovascular diseases, dementia and cancer. A balanced and regular nutrition with at least five portions of fruit and vegetables per day is a critical constituent of such a healthy lifestyle.

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