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Exp Cell Res. 2003 Nov 15;291(1):122-34.

Failure of lamin A/C to functionally assemble in R482L mutated familial partial lipodystrophy fibroblasts: altered intermolecular interaction with emerin and implications for gene transcription.

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Laboratory of Cell Biology, Istituti Ortopedici Rizzoli, Bologna, Italy.


Familial partial lipodystrophy is an autosomal dominant disease caused by mutations of the LMNA gene encoding alternatively spliced lamins A and C. Abnormal distribution of body fat and insulin resistance characterize the clinical phenotype. In this study, we analyzed primary fibroblast cultures from a patient carrying an R482L lamin A/C mutation by a morphological and biochemical approach. Abnormalities were observed consisting of nuclear lamin A/C aggregates mostly localized close to the nuclear lamina. These aggregates were not bound to either DNA-containing structures or RNA splicing intranuclear compartments. In addition, emerin did not colocalize with nuclear lamin A/C aggregates. Interestingly, emerin failed to interact with lamin A in R482L mutated fibroblasts in vivo, while the interaction with lamin C was preserved in vitro, as determined by coimmunoprecipitation experiments. The presence of lamin A/C nuclear aggregates was restricted to actively transcribing cells, and it was increased in insulin-treated fibroblasts. In fibroblasts carrying lamin A/C nuclear aggregates, a reduced incorporation of bromouridine was observed, demonstrating that mutated lamin A/C in FPLD cells interferes with RNA transcription.

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