Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Immunol. 2003 Dec;40(9):633-43.

NF-kappaB and c-Jun-dependent regulation of macrophage inflammatory protein-2 gene expression in response to lipopolysaccharide in RAW 264.7 cells.

Author information

Institute of Life Science and Biotechnology, College of Science, New Science Building, Room #S127, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749, South Korea.


Macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) is a mouse C-X-C chemokine that plays an important role in the recruitment of neutrophils. Transcription of the MIP-2 gene is rapidly induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation in cells of macrophage lineage. We show here that the MIP-2 promoter is transcriptionally activated in a macrophage cell line RAW 264.7 by LPS through a sequence located between -450 and -54 and this region contains two copies of activator protein-1 (AP-1) and one copy of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) binding site. A MIP-2 promoter-reporter was activated by ectopical expression of NF-kappaB p65 or c-Jun transcription factors. Inhibition of NF-kappaB nuclear localization by co-expression of a mutant IkappaBalpha protein (IkappaBalpha super repressor, IkappaBalphaSR) blocked LPS-induced transcription from a MIP-2 promoter-reporter construct, showing that NF-kappaB activation is required for MIP-2 gene expression in the LPS-signaling pathway. By deletion analysis of the MIP-2 promoter region, we show that NF-kappaB and c-Jun binding sites are essential for LPS-induced MIP-2 gene expression. Using transient transfection, NF-kappaB and c-Jun transcription factors were found to synergistically activate the MIP-2 promoter. In summary, our data suggest that both NF-kappaB and c-Jun contribute to LPS-induced mouse MIP-2 gene expression in RAW 264.7 cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center