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J Med Entomol. 2003 Sep;40(5):678-81.

Efficacy and longevity of nitenpyram against adult cat fleas (Siphonaptera: Pulicidae).

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Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA.


Nitenpyram (Capstar) is a fast acting, orally administered flea treatment that is absorbed into the blood of the host animal and is readily available for uptake by feeding fleas. We examined the efficacy of a single dose of nitenpyram against adult cat fleas, Ctenocephalides felis (Bouché), over several days. We recorded adult flea mortality and flea egg production on treated and untreated cats. Nitenpyram provided 100% kill of all fleas on the host at the time of treatment and for up to 24 h after treatment. Between 24 and 48 h after treatment, there was a 98.6% reduction in adult flea numbers. From 48 to 72 h, there was a 5% reduction in adult fleas. There was a 97% reduction and 95.2% reduction in the number of flea eggs collected from treated versus untreated animals during the first 48 h and from 48 to 72 h, respectively. In addition, we quantified three distinct behavioral responses of infested adult cats treated with nitenpyram to determine the extent of any immediate, overt behavioral responses in treated animals. A significant increase in scratching, biting, licking, and twitching occurred for 5 h. The biting and licking continued for 7 h after treatment. Administration of nitenpyram provides an effective mechanism to eliminate adult fleas from hosts for up to 48 h after treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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