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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2004 Mar;286(3):C538-46. Epub 2003 Oct 30.

FKBP12.6 and cADPR regulation of Ca2+ release in smooth muscle cells.

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Center for Cardiovascular Sciences, Albany Medical College, Albany, New York 12208, USA.


Intracellular Ca2+ release through ryanodine receptors (RyRs) plays important roles in smooth muscle excitation-contraction coupling, but the underlying regulatory mechanisms are poorly understood. Here we show that FK506 binding protein of 12.6 kDa (FKBP12.6) associates with and regulates type 2 RyRs (RyR2) in tracheal smooth muscle. FKBP12.6 binds to RyR2 but not other RyR or inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors, and FKBP12, known to bind to and modulate skeletal RyRs, does not associate with RyR2. When dialyzed into tracheal myocytes, cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) alters spontaneous Ca2+ release at lower concentrations and produces macroscopic Ca2+ release at higher concentrations; neurotransmitter-evoked Ca2+ release is also augmented by cADPR. These actions are mediated through FKBP12.6 because they are inhibited by molar excess of recombinant FKBP12.6 and are not observed in myocytes from FKBP12.6-knockout mice. We also report that force development in FKBP12.6-null mice, observed as a decrease in the concentration/tension relationship of isolated trachealis segments, is impaired. Taken together, these findings point to an important role of the FKBP12.6/RyR2 complex in stochastic (spontaneous) and receptor-mediated Ca2+ release in smooth muscle.

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