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Virology. 2003 Oct 10;315(1):68-79.

AFV1, a novel virus infecting hyperthermophilic archaea of the genus acidianus.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, Archaea Centre, University of Regensburg, Universitätsstrasse 31, D-93053 Regensburg, Germany.

Abstract

We describe a novel virus, AFV1, of the hyperthermophilic archaeal genus Acidianus. Filamentous virions are covered with a lipid envelope and contain at least five different proteins with molecular masses in the range of 23-130 kDa and a 20.8-kb-long linear double-stranded DNA. The virus has been assigned to the family Lipothrixviridae on the basis of morphotypic characteristics. Host range is confined to several strains of Acidianus and the virus persists in its hosts in a stable carrier state. The latent period of virus infection is about 4 h. Viral DNA was sequenced and sequence similarities were found to the lipothrixvirus SIFV, the rudiviruses SIRV1 and SIRV2, as well as to conjugative plasmids and chromosomes of the genus Sulfolobus. Exceptionally for the linear genomes of archaeal viruses, many short direct repeats, with the sequence TTGTT or close variants thereof, are closely clustered over 300 bp at each end of the genome. They are reminiscent of the telomeric ends of linear eukaryal chromosomes.

PMID:
14592760
DOI:
10.1016/s0042-6822(03)00481-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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