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Eur J Biochem. 1992 Dec 1;210(2):585-90.

Binding of Bacillus sphaericus binary toxin to a specific receptor on midgut brush-border membranes from mosquito larvae.

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1
Bactéries Entomopathogènes, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.

Abstract

The presence of specific receptors for Bacillus sphaericus binary toxin on brush-border membrane fractions (BBMF) from Culex pipiens larvae midgut cells was demonstrated by an in vitro binding assay. Both activated and radiolabelled polypeptides from the 51-kDa and 42-kDa binary toxin of B. sphaericus 1593 specifically bound to BBMF. Direct binding and homologous competition experiments indicated a single class of B. sphaericus toxin receptors, with a dissociation constant (Kd) of approximately 20 nM and a maximum binding capacity (Bmax) of approximately 7 pmol/mg BBMF protein. The sugars GalNAc, GlcNAc and N-acetyl neuraminic acid had no detectable inhibitory effect on toxin binding to C. pipiens BBMF. Binding experiments with the non-susceptible mosquito species Aedes aegypti failed to detect significant binding of B. sphaericus binary toxin to A. aegypti BBMF.

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