Send to

Choose Destination
Curr Biol. 2003 Oct 28;13(21):1916-20.

Actin-like proteins MreB and Mbl from Bacillus subtilis are required for bipolar positioning of replication origins.

Author information

Biochemie, Fachbereich Chemie, Philipps-Universit├Ąt Marburg, Germany.


Actin-like proteins MreB and Mbl are required for proper cell shape and for viability in B. subtilis and form dynamic helical filaments underneath the cell membrane. We have found that depletion of MreB and Mbl proteins leads to a rapid defect in chromosome segregation before a defect in cell shape becomes detectable. Under these conditions, the SMC chromosome segregation complex that is essential for proper chromosome arrangement and segregation loses its specific subcellular localization, and replication origins fail to localize in a regular bipolar manner as in wild type cells. Time-lapse microscopy showed that during depletion of MreB, origin regions can move towards the same cell pole, showing that bipolar orientation of origin separation is lost. Contrarily, depletion of three other cell shape determinants, MreC, MreD, or MreBH (the third B. subtilis actin homolog) had no effect on chromosome segregation but varying effects on cell morphology. Depletion of MreC and MreD resulted in formation of round cells, while depletion of MreBH led to formation of vibrio-shaped cells. The data show that actin proteins Mbl and MreB are required for proper chromosome segregation and that Mre proteins affect different aspects in cell shape.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center