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Leukemia. 2004 Jan;18(1):120-5.

Karyotype is an independent prognostic parameter in therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia (t-AML): an analysis of 93 patients with t-AML in comparison to 1091 patients with de novo AML.

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Department of Internal Medicine III, University Hospital Grosshadern, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany.


The aim of this study was to compare the pattern of karyotype abnormalities of therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia (t-AML) (n=93) with de novo AML (n=1091), and to evaluate their impact on prognosis. Favorable, intermediate, and unfavorable cytogenetics were observed in 25.8, 28.0, and 46.2% of t-AML, and in 22.2, 57.3, and 20.4% of de novo AML. The median overall survival (OS) was shorter in t-AML than in de novo AML (10 vs 15 months, P=0.0007). Favorable and unfavorable cytogenetics had a prognostic impact with respect to OS in both t-AML (P=0.001 and 0.0001) and de novo AML (P<0.0001 and <0.0001). To define the overall prognostic impact of cytogenetics and t-AML, a multivariate Cox's regression analysis was performed for OS with favorable cytogenetics, unfavorable cytogenetics, t-AML, age, and white blood cell (WBC) count as covariates. All parameters proved to be independently related to OS (P=0.001 for t-AML, P<0.0001 for all other parameters). Within patients with t-AML, there were significant correlations between OS and both unfavorable (P<0.0001) and favorable cytogenetics (P=0.001), while age and WBC count had no impact on OS. In conclusion, these data indicate that cytogenetics are an important prognostic parameter in t-AML. Furthermore, t-AML is an unfavorable factor independent of cytogenetics with respect to survival.

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