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Invest New Drugs. 2003 Nov;21(4):445-52.

Pharmacokinetics and safety of ILX23-7553, a non-calcemic-vitamin D3 analogue, in a phase I study of patients with advanced malignancies.

Author information

1
Division of Oncology/Hematology, Department of Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07103, USA. wiederro@umdnj.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Differentiation therapy is an alternative to chemotherapy with potentially less toxicity, improved quality of life, and survival. We conducted a phase I trial of ILX23-7553, a formulation of 1,25-dihydroxy-16-ene-23-yne-vitamin D(3), a 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) analog with preclinically demonstrated antitumor and differentiating effects and diminished hypercalcemic effects.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

The protocol consisted of five daily oral treatments during 14-day cycles at 15 dose levels from 1.3 to 45.0 mug/m(2)/day. We treated 42 heavily pretreated patients who had a variety of malignancies with 162 treatment cycles, and obtained pharmacokinetics from three patients at the two highest dose levels.

RESULTS:

There were no grade 3 or 4 toxicities. Grade 1-2 toxicities included diarrhea, nausea, fatigue, constipation, and one grade 1 hypercalcemia. Average day 6 calcium was 9.26 +/- 0.55 mg/dl in cycle 1 and 9.30 +/- 0.67 mg/dl in cycle 2. Pharmacokinetics at dose levels 14 (40 mug/m(2)/day) (1 patient) and 15 (45 mug/m(2)/day) (2 patients) demonstrated an average C(max) of 30.4 +/- 7.8 pg/ml (0.07 nM) and 104 +/- 38.2 pg/ml (0.25 nM), and AUCs of 222.5 +/- 225.2 pg.h/ml and 855 +/- 536 pg h/ml, respectively. Eight patients (19%) had stable disease. While in vitro effects have been reported at these concentrations, they were at least 10-fold lower than ED(50)s, and the study was terminated before an MTD was reached.

CONCLUSION:

The drug is safe and has potential benefits at serum concentrations where effects begin to be noted in vitro. Further study is needed with a reformulated higher unit dose compound to determine the safety and efficacy of higher serum concentrations.

PMID:
14586212
DOI:
10.1023/a:1026203418976
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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