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Cancer Cell. 2003 Oct;4(4):277-89.

Effect of angiogenesis inhibition by Id loss and the contribution of bone-marrow-derived endothelial cells in spontaneous murine tumors.

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Program of Cell Biology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021, USA.


Angiogenic defects in Id mutant mice inhibit the growth of tumor xenografts, providing a genetic model for antiangiogenic stress. Our work tests the consequences of such stress on progression of more physiological Pten+/- tumors. While tumor growth occurs despite impaired angiogenesis, disruption of vasculature by Id loss causes tumor cells to experience hypoxia and necrosis, the extent of which is tumor dependent. We show that bone-marrow-derived endothelial precursors contribute functionally to neovasculature of some but not all Pten+/- tumors, partially rescuing Id mutant phenotype. We demonstrate that loss of Id1 in tumor endothelial cells results in downregulation of several proangiogenic genes, including alpha6 and beta4 integrins, matrix metalloprotease-2, and fibroblast growth factor receptor-1. Inhibition of these factors phenocopies loss of Id in in vivo angiogenesis assays.

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