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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2003 Sep;19(9):785-92.

Binding and neutralization activity of human IgG1 and IgG3 from serum of HIV-infected individuals.

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Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.


The IgG1 and IgG3 subclasses represent the predominant antibody response to viral infections, including HIV. IgG subclasses differ in their interaction with antigen and functional effects due to specific physiochemical features. With an elongated hinge, IgG3 antibodies tend to have more segmental flexibility, which can render the antibody more effective at interacting with antigen. We have previously shown that the change of the human anti-CD4-binding site monoclonal antibody F105 from IgG1 to IgG3 results in neutralization of a T cell line-adapted isolate (TCLA) resistant to neutralization by the parental IgG1. In the studies presented here, we have purified IgG1 and IgG3 subclasses from the sera of HIV-infected individuals and tested for immunoreactivity with and neutralization of HIV. Purified total IgG3 tended to have less relative reactivity and mediated relatively poorer neutralization of either laboratory or primary isolates. IgG3 also tended to react relatively less well with gp160 and gp120 and more robustly with gp41 and p24. The contrasting results with serum, as opposed to F105, may result from the polyclonal nature of serum antibodies. There is also a failure to make a robust IgG3 response to neutralizing epitopes on envelope glycoproteins during natural infection. These studies suggest that the investigation of isotype effects on neutralization will require isotype-switched human monoclonal antibodies. Understanding isotype and neutralization will provide important data necessary for designing the most effective possible vaccines.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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