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J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2003 Oct;23(10):591-600.

IFN-gamma-inducible chemokines enhance adaptive immunity and colitis.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30310, USA.


T helper type 1 (Th1) cells secreting interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) have been closely associated with Crohn's disease (CD). Monokine-induced by IFN-gamma (MIG), IFN-gamma-inducible T cell alpha chemoattractant (I-TAC), and IFN-gamma-inducible protein-10 (IP-10), are chemokines that bind CXCR3 and mediate the chemotaxis of leukocytes. IP-10, MIG, and CXCR3 have been shown to be expressed at sites of CD. The current study stems from our recent findings that IP-10, MIG, and I-TAC significantly contribute to the development of Th1-mediated inflammatory responses. To better understand the role of CXCR3 interactions during CD, we characterized the effects of IP-10, MIG, I-TAC, and CXCR3+ T cells on mucosal immune responses. IP-10, MIG, and I-TAC significantly enhanced antigen-specific serum and mucosal antibodies through Th1-mediated events and CD28 modulation. Additionally, the adoptive transfer of naive CXCR3+ T cells and CD4+CD45RB(HI) to T cell receptor beta (TCRbeta) x delta(-/-) mice resulted in the onset of murine colitis. Taken together, these studies suggest that IP-10, MIG, I-TAC, and CXCR3 interactions are involved in mucosal immune responses required for the induction of CD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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