Send to

Choose Destination
J Med Food. 2003 Fall;6(3):193-9.

trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid reduces insulin-like growth factor-II secretion in HT-29 human colon cancer cells.

Author information

Division of Life Sciences and Silver Biotechnology Research Center, Hallym University, Chunchon, Korea.


We previously demonstrated that a mixture of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers decreases colon cancer incidence in rats treated with 1,2-dimethylhydrazine. Our in vitro studies have also shown that CLA inhibits the growth of HT-29 cells, a human colon cancer cell line. When we compared the individual potencies of the two main isomers found in the mixture of CLA isomers (e.g., cis-9, trans-11 [c9t11] and trans-10, cis-12 [t10c12]), t10c12 CLA decreased viable cell numbers in a dose-dependent manner. By contrast, c9t11 CLA had no effect. Therefore, the present study examined whether the decreased cell growth is related to changes in secretion of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-II and/or IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs) that have been shown to regulate HT-29 cell proliferation. Cells were incubated in serum-free medium with various concentrations of the individual CLA isomers, and immunoblot analysis of 24-hour, serum-free, conditioned media using a monoclonal anti-IGF-II antibody was performed. HT-29 cells secreted both mature 7,500 apparent molecular weight (M(r)) and higher-M(r) forms of IGF-II. t10c12 CLA decreased the levels of the higher-M(r) and the mature form of IGF-II in a dose-dependent manner, whereas c9t11 CLA had no effect. Ligand blot analysis of conditioned medium using (125)I-IGF-II revealed that the production of IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-4 was also decreased by t10c12 CLA, whereas c9t11 CLA had no effect. Exogenous IGF-II abrogated the growth inhibition induced by t10c12 CLA. These results indicate that inhibition of HT-29 cell growth by t10c12 CLA may be mediated by decreasing IGF-II secretion in these cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center