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Can J Microbiol. 1992 Aug;38(8):865-70.

DNA sequence heterogeneity in the gene encoding a 60-kilodalton extracellular protein of Listeria monocytogenes and other Listeria species.

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Meningitis and Special Pathogens Branch, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333.


Chromosomal DNA sequences from the 60 kilodalton protein gene of Listeria monocytogenes, amplified by the polymerase chain reaction, were used for restriction fragment length polymorphism differentiation of L. monocytogenes serotypes and other Listeria species. All 24 strains of L. monocytogenes examined produced an extracellular protein of molecular weight 60,000 (p60) as determined by Western blot analysis. Four of six other Listeria species had a protein that cross-reacted to antibodies to p60, but all differed in molecular weight, ranging from approximately 50,000 to 65,000. The gene encoding p60 was amplified from chromosomal DNA in all strains using polymerase chain reaction with a single primer pair. Restriction enzyme digestion with HindIII of the amplified product revealed a restriction pattern that was distinct between serotypes 1/2a and either 4b or 1/2b of L. monocytogenes. Of the other Listeria species, four strains that produced a cross-reacting protein likewise produced a polymerase chain reaction amplification product with the primer pair. Listeria innocua alone had a restriction pattern similar to that of Listeria monocytogenes serotype 4b and 1/2b. Genotypic heterogeneity, as revealed by DNA amplification and restriction endonuclease digestion of the p60 open reading frame, correlates with "electrophoretic type" grouping and may be related to differences in virulence mechanisms of Listeria monocytogenes and other Listeria species.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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