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Can J Microbiol. 1992 Aug;38(8):823-7.

Interactive effects of salt concentration and temperature on growth and lipid composition in the moderately halophilic bacterium Vibrio costicola.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Wales, United Kingdom.


The interactive effects of NaCl concentration and growth temperature on the growth and lipid composition of the moderately halophilic eubacterium Vibrio costicola have been investigated. Vibrio costicola was shown to be capable of growth over the temperature range 4-37 degrees C. Maximum growth yields were obtained at 30 degrees C when the optimum NaCl concentration was 1.0 M NaCl. In contrast with some previous studies, at higher or lower growth temperatures both the optimum and lower limit of NaCl concentration were higher, but there was no change in the upper limit of NaCl concentration for growth. There were no differences between the lipid compositions of cultures grown in 1 M NaCl at 30 or 37 degrees C, but as the growth temperature was lowered from 30 to 10 or 4 degrees C, the ratio of phosphatidylethanolamine to phosphatidylglycerol increased significantly as a result of the conversion of phosphatidylglycerol to diphosphatidylglycerol; in addition, at the lower growth temperatures the phospholipid fatty acyl composition became more unsaturated and the mean acyl chain length was shorter. It is suggested that the altered salt dependence of V. costicola at temperatures below the optimum for growth is due to a modification in membrane lipid phase behavior and stability brought about by changes in lipid composition, whereas a different mechanism operates above the growth temperature optimum.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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