Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Diabetes Complications. 2003 Nov-Dec;17(6):307-13.

Starting patients with type 2 diabetes on insulin therapy using once-daily injections of biphasic insulin aspart 70/30, biphasic human insulin 70/30, or NPH insulin in combination with metformin.

Author information

1
Kilo Clinical Research, Limited, 1227 Fern Ridge Parkway, Suite 100, St. Louis, MO 63141, USA.

Abstract

Transitioning safely to insulin therapy when oral antidiabetic agents fail to provide adequate glycemic control is a critical aspect of care for the patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We evaluated the clinical effectiveness of starting patients on a relatively simple regimen of once-daily injections of either biphasic insulin aspart 70/30 (10 min before dinner), NPH insulin (at 10 p.m.), or biphasic human insulin 70/30 (30 min before dinner) in combination with metformin. Enrolled patients had T2DM and inadequate glycemic control (AlC>/=7.5%) on a previous regimen of metformin as monotherapy or in combination with a sulphonylurea. One hundred and forty (140) patients received metformin monotherapy for 4 weeks followed by 12 weeks of combination treatment with metformin and once-daily insulin injections. AlC levels decreased from baseline by 1.1-1.3% for patients in each of the three treatment groups. Overall, FPG values decreased from baseline by 31% (biphasic insulin aspart), 37% (NPH insulin), and 28% (biphasic human insulin). Subjects whose final FPG level was <126 mg/dl experienced the largest decreases in AlC values (-2.3%, -1.9%, -1.8%, respectively). All three treatment regimens were well tolerated. The results indicate that patients with T2DM can safely and effectively begin insulin therapy using once-daily injections of biphasic insulin aspart 70/30, biphasic human insulin 70/30, or NPH insulin in combination with metformin.

PMID:
14583174
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center