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Biophys J. 2003 Nov;85(5):3294-302.

Ligand-receptor kinetics measured by total internal reflection with fluorescence correlation spectroscopy.

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  • 1Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.


Total internal reflection excitation used in combination with fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (TIR-FCS) is a method for characterizing the dynamic behavior and absolute concentrations of fluorescent molecules near or at the interface of a planar substrate and a solution. In this work, we demonstrate for the first time the use of TIR-FCS for examining the interaction kinetics of fluorescent ligands in solution which specifically and reversibly associate with receptors in substrate-supported planar membranes. Fluorescence fluctuation autocorrelation functions were obtained for a fluorescently labeled IgG reversibly associating with the mouse receptor FcgammaRII, which was purified and reconstituted into substrate-supported planar membranes. Data were obtained as a function of the IgG solution concentration, the Fc receptor surface density, the observation area size, and the incident intensity. Best fits of the autocorrelation functions to appropriate theoretical forms gave measures of the average surface density of bound IgG, the local solution concentration of IgG, the kinetic rate constant for surface dissociation, and the rate of diffusion through the depth of the evanescent field. The average number of observed fluorescent molecules, both in solution and bound to the surface, scaled with the solution concentration of IgG, observation area size, and Fc receptor surface density as expected. The dissociation rate constant and rate of diffusion through the evanescent field agree with previous results, and all measured parameters were independent of the incident intensity.

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