Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Cell. 2003 Oct;12(4):829-39.

CK2 Is a C-Terminal IkappaB Kinase Responsible for NF-kappaB Activation during the UV Response.

Author information

Laboratory of Gene Regulation and Signal Transduction, Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.


NF-kappaB is activated in response to proinflammatory stimuli, infections, and physical stress. While activation of NF-kappaB by many stimuli depends on the IkappaB kinase (IKK) complex, which phosphorylates IkappaBs at N-terminal sites, the mechanism of NF-kappaB activation by ultraviolet (UV) radiation remained enigmatic, as it is IKK independent. We now show that UV-induced NF-kappaB activation depends on phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha at a cluster of C-terminal sites that are recognized by CK2 (formerly casein kinase II). Furthermore, CK2 activity toward IkappaB is UV inducible through a mechanism that depends on activation of p38 MAP kinase. Inhibition of this pathway prevents UV-induced IkappaBalpha degradation and increases UV-induced cell death. Thus, the p38-CK2-NF-kappaB axis is an important component of the mammalian UV response.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center