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Biopolymers. 2003 Oct;70(3):336-45.

Structural transitions involved in a novel amyloid-like beta-sheet assemblage of tripeptide derivatives.

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Bio Organic Laboratory, Central Leather Research Institute, Adyar, Tamilnadu, Chennai-600 020, India.


Self-assembly of two tripeptide derivatives containing three nonpolar isoleucine moieties and polar oxyethylene groups are studied in methanol. Peptide A [CH3(OCH2CH2)3OCH2CO(Ile)3OCH3] and peptide B [CH3(OCH2CH2)3OCH2CO(Ile)3NH (CH2CH2O)3CH3] take a mixture of unordered and helical conformation at low concentration (8.5 x 10(-4) M). However, at high concentration (2 x 10(-3) M), both the peptide showed significant increase in the helical conformation. An interesting conformational transition of peptides A and B at various methanol contents was observed in the solvated films of these compounds by spectroscopic methods like the far-uv circular dichroism and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) techniques. Peptide B, which contains more polar oxyethylene groups than A, showed a highly cooperative conformational transition when the methanol content was decreased. This transition was characterized by a large increase of beta-sheet, retaining a alpha-helical contribution. Peptide A showed a conformational transition resulting in a beta-sheet in the aggregated state. From the CD spectra, the ratio in the ellipticity indicates that peptide B forms twisted antiparallel beta-sheet conformation, whereas peptide A takes a parallel beta-sheet conformation. The results obtained in this work indicates the role of polar derivatization on the conformational preference of peptides having similar sequence.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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