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Dis Manag. 2003 Summer;6(2):83-91.

Management of osteoporosis in women aged 50 and older with osteoporosis-related fractures in a managed care population.

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1
Lovelace Clinic Foundation, 2309 Renard Place SE, Suite 103, Albuquerque, NM 87106, USA.

Abstract

This study describes the pattern of evaluation and management of osteoporosis in women aged 50 and older following an osteoporosis-related fracture, conducted as a retrospective cohort study using the administrative claims database of a managed care organization. Subjects were women, aged 50 years and older, with at least one osteoporosis-related fracture in the years 1996-1998 who were continuously enrolled in the system's health plan for at least 6 months prior to and post-fracture. Bone mineral density (BMD) testing, diagnosis of osteoporosis, and treatment with any Food and Drug Administration-approved medication for osteoporosis were identified using CPT, ICD-9, and National Drug Codes for the 6-month post-fracture period. There were 658 women with an osteoporosis-related fracture: 189 (29%) hip fractures, 226 (34%) wrist fractures, 127 (19%) vertebral fractures, and 116 (18%) rib fractures. In the post-fracture period, 46 (7%) underwent BMD testing, 153 (23%) had a diagnosis of osteoporosis, and 220 (31%) were treated with a medication approved for the prevention or treatment of osteoporosis. Of the 220 women with medication claims, 124 (56%) were for estrogen, and 96 (44%) were for other antiresorptive agents. Of the 507 women who did not have medication claims during the 6 months prior to the fracture, only 17% had new fills after the fracture. Management of osteoporosis in women aged 50 and older with fractures was inadequate, despite the high risk of subsequent fractures and recommendations that osteoporosis be the presumptive diagnosis. Significant opportunity exists for improvement in assuring post-fracture followup care.

PMID:
14577902
DOI:
10.1089/109350703321908469
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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