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Z Naturforsch C. 2003 Sep-Oct;58(9-10):629-31.

Chemical composition of the fixed and volatile oils of Nigella sativa L. from Iran.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, PO Box 14155-6153, Tehran, Iran. bnickavar@yahoo.com

Abstract

The chemical composition of the extracted fixed oil (total fatty acid composition) and volatile oil of Nigella sativa L. seeds grown in Iran were determined by GC and GC/MS. Eight fatty acids (99.5%) and thirty-two compounds (86.7%) have been identified in the fixed and volatile oils, respectively. The main fatty acids of the fixed oil were linoleic acid (55.6%), oleic acid (23.4%), and palmitic acid (12.5%). The major compounds of the volatile oil were trans-anethole (38.3%), p-cymene (14.8%), limonene (4.3%), and carvone (4.0%).

PMID:
14577620
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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