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Z Naturforsch C. 2003 Sep-Oct;58(9-10):629-31.

Chemical composition of the fixed and volatile oils of Nigella sativa L. from Iran.

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Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, PO Box 14155-6153, Tehran, Iran.


The chemical composition of the extracted fixed oil (total fatty acid composition) and volatile oil of Nigella sativa L. seeds grown in Iran were determined by GC and GC/MS. Eight fatty acids (99.5%) and thirty-two compounds (86.7%) have been identified in the fixed and volatile oils, respectively. The main fatty acids of the fixed oil were linoleic acid (55.6%), oleic acid (23.4%), and palmitic acid (12.5%). The major compounds of the volatile oil were trans-anethole (38.3%), p-cymene (14.8%), limonene (4.3%), and carvone (4.0%).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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