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Oncogene. 2003 Oct 23;22(48):7628-31.

Gene expression profile by blocking the SYT-SSX fusion gene in synovial sarcoma cells. Identification of XRCC4 as a putative SYT-SSX target gene.

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Department of Oncology and Pathology, CCK R8:04, Karolinska Hospital, SE-171 76, Stockholm, Sweden.


Increasing evidence suggests that the SYT-SSX fusion gene plays an important role in synovial sarcoma development and progression. However, very little is known about the downstream targets of SYT-SSX. In this study, we used antisense oligonucleotides to block the expression of the SYT-SSX fusion gene in synovial sarcoma cells. By comparing SYT-SSX inhibited cells with noninhibited cells, the gene expression profile was analysed using cDNA microarray and established by real-time PCR. Herewith, using a filter containing 1176 cancer-relevant genes, we found that the DNA repair gene XRCC4 and the DNA mismatch repair gene MSH2 were downregulated, whereas the gene encoding for the serine/threonine protein kinase PRK (also known as CNK), and the macrophage inhibitory cytokine MICI (also known as PLAB) were upregulated after the inhibition of SYT-SSX. In comparison, expression of the XRCC4 gene was undergoing the strongest alteration. Consistently, the protein expression of XRCC4 was found to be decreased after SYT-SSX inhibition, whereas there were no detectable changes for the other gene products. Our study provides some clues to elucidate the signaling pathways of the SYT-SSX fusion gene, as well as it demonstrates a valuable model system for search for other SYT-SSX targets.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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