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Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003 Nov;57(11):1370-7.

Precision of the doubly labeled water method in a large-scale application: evaluation of a streamlined-dosing protocol in the Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition (OPEN) study.

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1
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate whether the doubly labeled water (DLW) method is precise under conditions required for a large-scale evaluation of dietary intake instruments.

DESIGN:

Energy expenditure was measured in 484 subjects (main study). Subjects received one of five different weight DLW dose bottles prepared in advance of the study. A repeat energy expenditure measure was obtained in a subset of 24 subjects (substudy). DLW measures of energy expenditure were performed over a 2-week interval with urine collection at the beginning and end.

SETTING:

Free-living environment with three clinic visits in the Maryland suburban area of Washington, DC.

SUBJECTS:

A total of 484 subjects (261 men and 223 women) aged 40-69 y, 24 of whom (13 men and 11 women) participated in a substudy in which DLW was administered a second time.

RESULTS:

The coefficient of variation of the DLW energy expenditure measurement was 5.1%. This included a 2.9% analytical and a 4.2% physiologic variation. Based on observed initial isotopic enrichment, the preweighed dosages were optimal in 70% of the main study subjects, and 9% received a dose that was less than optimal. Only six subjects (1%) were excluded because the final isotopic enrichment was too low to conduct precise measurement.

CONCLUSIONS:

Use of preweighed DLW dosages did not compromise the precision of the DLW method. The DLW method is a reliable measure of energy expenditure for large-scale evaluations of dietary intake instruments.

PMID:
14576749
DOI:
10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601698
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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